India vs Pakistan: Military Strength and Arsenal
A comparative look at the military budget, nuclear capability, army, air force and navy of South Asian rivals.
26 February 2019 GMT + 3
India has launched airstrikes on insurgent camps inside Pakistan following a suicide attack in the disputed Kashmir region, raising fears of war between nuclear-armed South Asian countries.
At least 42 Indian paramilitary personnel were killed in an attack by Pakistan-based insurgent group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi reacted strongly to the worst attack on soldiers in decades.
Pakistan condemned Tuesday’s incident, saying Indian planes breached Pakistani airspace and soon after the Indian jet crossed the Line of Control issued a “payload” to a forested area, which divided Indian and Pakistan-administered Kashmir. . To-do is the actual limit.
Since independence from Britain in 1947, regional rivals have gone to war on Kashmir twice.
Here’s how their terrorists piled up.
According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), in 2018, India allocated four trillion rupees ($ 58bn), or 2.1 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP), to support its 1.4 million active troops.
Last year, Pakistan spent 1.26 trillion Pakistani rupees ($ 11bn) on its 653,800 soldiers, which is about 3.6 percent of its GDP. It also received $ 100m in foreign military aid in 2018.
According to estimates by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), between 1993 and 2006, more than 20 percent of annual government spending in Pakistan was spent on the military.
The army said it accounted for 16.7 percent of government spending in 2017.
According to SIPRI, by comparison, India’s military expenditure as a percentage of its government expenditure remained below 12 percent during the same period. In 2017 it was 9.1 percent.
Missiles and nuclear weapons
Both nations have ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons.
According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, India has nine types of operational missiles, of which Agni-III ranges from 3,000 km to 5,000 km.
CSIS said Pakistan’s missile program, manufactured with Chinese assistance, included mobile small and medium-range weapons that CSIS said. Shaheen 2 has the longest range up to 2,000 km.
In 2011, Pakistan confirmed that it had acquired strategic nuclear weapons capability, with small nuclear warheads attached to short-range missiles (50–100 km), as a deterrent against conventional Indian attacks on relatively small scales. in the form of. Is in
Pakistan’s arsenal has low limits on the use of nuclear weapons in addition to strategic nuclear weapons, allowing Pakistan to fulfill its military terms as “full spectrum detention” against India’s conventional forces.
The weapons were developed to counter India’s “cold start” doctrine, which increases shallow tilt in Pakistani territory without dissolving its previous nuclear frontier.
According to SIPRI, Pakistan has 140 to 150 nuclear warheads compared to India’s 130-140 warheads.
According to IIS, India has a 1.2 million strong army supported by 3,565 battle tanks, 3,100 infantry fighting vehicles, 336 armored personnel carriers and 9,719 soldiers.
Pakistan’s military is small, comprising 560,000 troops with 2,496 tanks, 1,605 armored personnel carriers and 4,472 cannons, including 375 self-propelled howitzers.
Despite its large army, India’s “capacity of conventional forces is limited by insufficient logistics, maintenance and ammunition and parts shortages”, the IISS said in a report this month.
With 127,200 personnel and 814 fighter jets, India’s air force is quite large, but there are concerns about its fighter jet fleet.
India’s defense plans require 42 squadron jets, about 750 aircraft, to defend against two-way attacks from China and Pakistan.
Officials said that while an old Russian jet like the MiG-21 was first used in 1960, India may soon have 22 squadrons.
Pakistan has 425 fighter jets, including F-7PGs of Chinese descent and American F-16 Fighting Falcon jets.
The IIS said it has seven air warnings and control aircraft compared to India.
The IISS said in its 2019 assessment, “The (Pakistan) Air Force is modernizing its inventory while improving its precision strikes and ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) capabilities.”
The Indian Navy consists of an aircraft carrier, 16 submarines, 14 destroyers, 13 frigates, 106 patrols and coastal fighter ships and 75 combat capability aircraft.
It has 67,700 employees, including Marine and Naval Aviation Staff.
Pakistan, which has a small coastline, has 9 frigates, 8 submarines, 17 patrols and coastal ships and 8 fighter-capable aircraft.